Learn about different vector control products

Product Toolbox

In Development

Vector control products that are still in development

Vector control products that are still in development

Market Ready

Vector control products that are not yet available in Asia Pacific

Vector control products that are not yet available in Asia Pacific


Vector control products which are already available in Asia Pacific

Vector control products which are already available in Asia Pacific

Methods to reduce transmission

Vector Control Categories

This section provides a broad overview of which vector control categories are recommended for malaria control by WHO and which categories are being evaluated by the Vector Control Advisory Group to reduce transmission of both malaria and dengue. Click on each category to know what they are and 'Read More' to view the recommendations.

WHO recommended

Policy recommendations for malaria control

Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs/LLINs)

Indoor Residual Spray (IRS)

Larval Source Management (LSM)

Personal Protection Measures

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Categories under review

Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs/LLINs)
Pyrethroid–piperonyl butoxide net
Pyrethroid – chlorfenapyr net
Pyrethroid plus insect growth regulator net
Attractive Targeted Baits
Vector traps for disease management
Adulticidal oviposition and larvicidal traps
Autodissemination devices
Spatial repellents
Systemic insecticides and endectocides
Systemic livestock treatment for vector control
Housing modification
Lethal house lures
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Vector Control Technical Landscape in Asia Pacific

The Australian Government’s Indo-Pacific Centre for Health Security awarded the Innovative Vector Control Consortium (IVCC) a 5-year grant for the development of a vector control product toolbox for the Indo-Pacific Region. IVCC commissioned landscape studies of the region to map the technical gaps for vector control in key countries and to evaluate the regulatory requirements for vector control products and their different routes to market.

The technical landscaping study points to key challenges that are specific to the mosquito (the vector), environmental, cultural and social landscape of the Asia Pacific Region and underpins the need to introduce new vector control tools to better prevent the transmission of diseases through mosquitoes. In addition to reporting on the capacity gaps of vector surveillance in the region, the report points to key learnings in terms of existing and new tools needed in the region:

  • The report points out that outdoor transmission is a key challenge in Asia Pacific. Indoor vector control tools such as Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) and Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) are therefore not enough. The region needs innovation and access to vector control tools for outdoor protection. It is especially urgent to address outdoor residual transmission in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) where there is also multi-drug resistant malaria.
  • Despite a lack of insecticide resistance data in many parts of the region, insecticide resistance is widespread in South Asia, and there are indications that resistance to pyrethroid (an insecticide) is increasing in the GMS.
  • The report shows that there is an opportunity for several new tools to be introduced in Asia Pacific including:
    • Spatial Repellents
    • Treated materials such as clothing for forest goers
    • Attractive Targeted Sugar Baits to lure mosquitoes to a toxic bait and kill them.
    • Improved indoor control tools
    • Improved larvicide application technology

The findings show that communities in greatest need of new tools to effectively control transmission of malaria live in forested areas and include communities in economic developments such as mines or construction sites, as well as mobile migrant populations. Groups of people in situations of humanitarian emergency, such as refugees, also need special attention. Often, these communities live in outdoor camps with poor access to vector control solutions. VCAP provides clarity on the pipeline of tools to stop transmission that are most relevant to Asia Pacific and serves as a platform to build interest, demand for, and identify pathways for these tools to reach communities in need.